- Research & Development
FDA approves first and only medicine in a new class of acute treatment for migraine15 Oct 2019
The approval of Eli Lilly's Reyvow represents the first new class of acute migraine treatment approved by the FDA in more than two decades.
Eli Lilly has announced that the FDA has approved Reyvow (lasmiditan), an oral medication for the acute treatment of migraine, with or without aura, in adults. Reyvow has a unique mechanism of action and is the first and only FDA-approved medicine in a new class of acute treatment for migraine (serotonin (5-HT)1F receptor agonists).
"Millions of people with migraine face an ongoing battle with the unresolved pain and symptoms of a migraine attack. There is a substantial unmet need for new acute treatments for migraine, like Reyvow, which is why we are proud of this approval and Lilly's continuing contribution to the migraine community," said Gudarz Davar, vice president, neurology development, Lilly Bio-Medicines. "New expectations have been set in migraine care; pain freedom is now the treatment goal for people living with migraine and those who treat them. At Lilly, we are pioneering innovative medicines to provide new options for patients with migraine."
Consistent with the FDA's guidance, Lilly conducted a human abuse potential assessment; as part of that assessment, therapeutic doses of Revow were associated with less drug liking when compared to alprazolam, but more than placebo. The recommended controlled substance classification for Reyvow is currently under review by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and is expected within 90 days of the FDA approval, after which Reyvow will be available to patients in retail pharmacies.
"As a physician who specializes in the treatment of migraine and headache disorders, I commonly treat patients who are looking for acute treatment options that offer the chance for pain freedom during migraine attacks. This approval is especially significant because migraine pain is so often severe and incapacitating," said Jan Brandes, assistant clinical professor, Department of Neurology, Vanderbilt University. "With new science comes new hope. Considering up to 40% of people with migraine do not get adequate responses from their initial acute treatment prescription, having a new and novel option like REYVOW is an important development for physicians and the patients we treat."
The New Drug Application (NDA) for Reyvow included data from two Phase III single-attack studies (SAMURAI and SPARTAN), which evaluated the safety and efficacy of Reyvow for the acute treatment of migraine in adults. Both studies met the efficacy endpoints of pain freedom and freedom from most bothersome symptom (MBS; patient selected from nausea, sensitivity to light, or sensitivity to sound) at two hours following administration of Reyvow in comparison to placebo. Treatment emergent adverse events were generally mild to moderate and the most frequent included dizziness, fatigue, paresthesia (tingling or numbing sensation on the skin), sedation (sleepiness or drowsiness), nausea and/or vomiting and muscle weakness.
The Reyvow Phase III development program, including the open-label GLADIATOR study, involved more than 4,000 patients and the treatment of more than 20,000 migraine attacks.
"For over 25 years, Lilly has been committed to helping people affected by disabling headache disorders, investigating more than a dozen different compounds," said Patrik Jonsson, senior vice president and president, Lilly Bio-Medicines. "The approval of Reyvow is an exciting development for patients and physicians seeking the potential for pain freedom when a migraine attack happens."
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